Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography
Atal Bihari Vajpayee took his last breath in AIIMS hospital at 5:05 PM. 93 year old versatile Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee left us on 16th August 2018. May God rest his soul in peace. A national mourning of 7 days has been declared on the death of Atal ji.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a multi-talented politician, was active in Indian politics for the last 50 years. Vajpayee ji was the most idealistic and admired politician in his political journey. Being a leader like Atal ji is a matter of pride for the whole country. Due to many of his works, the country is at this stage today. After Jawaharlal Nehru, if anyone has become the Prime Minister thrice, then it is Atal ji.
Atal ji has been active in Parliament for the last 5 decades, as well as he is the only politician who was elected MP from 4 different states. Atal ji had come into politics before the independence of India, he had also participated in the Quit India movement with Gandhiji, and many times the prison tortures were also right.
Atal is rich in versatility, he is also a very good poet, who has been surprising everyone with his poetry and satire on politics, many of his works have also been published which people still read. Atal ji is also very fond of his mother tongue Hindi, Atal ji became the first politician, who gave speech in Hindi in UN General Assembly.
Atal ji became the Prime Minister for the first time for only 13 days. After 1 year of this, he again became the Prime Minister, but this time also his journey was of one year. When Atal ji became Prime Minister for the third time, his tenure lasted for 5 years and it was considered the most successful.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography
|Serial Number||Life Introduction Point||Atal Bihari Life Introduction|
|1.||Full Name||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|2.||Born||25 December 1924|
|3.||Death||16 August 2018|
|4.||Place of Birth||Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh|
|5.||Parents||Krishna Devi, Krishna Bihari Vajpayee|
|7.||Political Party||Bhartiya Janata Party|
|8.||Awards||1992 – Padma Vibhushan
1994 – Lokmanya Tilak Award
1994 – Best Parliamentarian Award
1994 – Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award
2014 – Bharat Ratna
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Personal Life
Atal ji was born in a middle class family in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Atal ji had 7 siblings. His father Krishna Bihari was a school teacher and poet. After schooling from Swarasti School, Atal ji completed his graduation from Laxmibai College, after which he did his post graduation in Economics from DAVV College, Kanpur.
He also applied for further studies in the Law College of Lucknow, but then he did not feel like studying and he started working as an editor in a magazine published by the RSS. Atal ji is known as a very good journalist, politician and poet.
Atal ji never married, but he adopted two daughters of B N Call, Namita and Nandita. Atal ji remained a true patriot, even while studying, he stood with big leaders in the freedom struggle. He was also the editor of many Hindi news papers at that time.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Political Career
Atal ji’s political journey started as a freedom fighter. In 1942, he participated in the Quit India Movement along with other leaders and also went to jail, during which he met the leader of Bhartiya Jana Sangh, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.
Atal ji learned the tricks of politics with Mukherjee ji. Mukherjee ji’s health started deteriorating and soon he died, after that Atal ji took over the reins of Bhartiya Jana Sangh and expanded it to the whole country.
- In 1954, he was elected Member of Parliament from Balrampur. Even in the days of youth, Atal ji got a lot of respect in politics due to his thinking and understanding.
- After the death of Deendayal Upadhya in 1968, Atal ji became the national president of Jan Sangh. After this, he worked hard for some years along with Nanaji Desai, Balraj Madhok and Lal Krishna Advani to take the Jan Sangh Party forward in Indian politics.
- In 1977 the Bhartiya Jana Sangh Party formed an alliance with the Bhartiya Lok Dal, which was named the Janata Party. The Janata Party grew very quickly and it also got success in the local elections, after this, when Janata Party leader Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister and came to power, Atal ji was made External Affairs Minister. After this, he went on a tour of China and Pakistan, where he proposed to improve India’s relations with these countries.
- When Morarji Desai resigned from the post of Prime Minister in 1979, the Janata Party also began to disintegrate. Atal ji formed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980, along with Lal Krishna Advani and Bhairav Singh Shekhawat, and became the first national president of the party. For the next five years, Atal ji was the president of the party.
- In the 1984 elections, BJP lost only 2 seats, after which Atal ji worked hard to strengthen the party and in the next election of Parliament, in 1989, BJP was ahead with a lead of 88 seats.
- In 1991, due to the demand of the opposition, once again elections were held in the Parliament, in which once again BJP was ahead with 120 seats.
- In 1993, Atal ji sat in MP as the Leader of the Opposition. In the BJP conference held in Mumbai in November 1995, Atal ji was declared the prime ministerial candidate of BJP.
Journey Of Atal Bihari Vajpayee To Become The Prime Minister
- In the 1996 elections, the BJP was the single largest political party. In May 1996, BJP won and Atal ji was elected for the post of Prime Minister. But BJP did not get support from other parties, due to which the BJP government fell and Atal ji had to resign from the post in just 13 days.
- Between 1996 and 1998, two other governments were formed, but they also fell due to lack of support. After this, BJP along with other parties formed the National Domestic Party (NDA). BJP again came to power but this time also their government lasted for 13 months, Anna Dravida Munnetra party withdrew its support.
- India’s victory in the 1999 India-Pakistan war in Kargil made Atal ji’s government stronger. With this victory, people started seeing him as a good future leader.
- In the subsequent elections, BJP strengthened the NDA again, and stood in the election. The Indians were very impressed by the Kargil victory, and everyone gave the BJP victory again, after which Atal Bihari Vajpayee sat on the Prime Minister’s chair for the third time.
- The Bajpai government completed 5 years this time, and became the first non-Congress party. With the support of all the parties, Atal ji decided that he would take the private sector forward to improve the economic system of the country. The main plans of Atal ji were National Highway Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.
- Atal ji promoted investment abroad and made people aware of the IT sector. In 2000, US President Bill Clinton visited India, this tour had a great impact on the progress and relationship of both the countries.
- In 2001, Atal ji sent an invitation to the President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf to visit India. They wanted Indo-Pak relations to improve, people remember these talks held in Agra till date. After this a bus started for Lahore in which Atal ji himself traveled. But his campaign was not successful, Atal ji’s foreign policy did not change much, but the public appreciated this thing very much.
- In 2001, Atal ji also started Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
- Atal ji started many schemes for economic reforms, after which 6-7% growth was recorded. At this time the name of India came to be known all over the world.
- With the victory of Congress in 2004, Atal ji resigned from the post of Prime Minister.
- In 2005, Atal ji announced his retirement from politics. After this, he did not even participate in the elections held in 2009.
- Just 1 month after coming to power, Atal ji and his government conducted successful tests of 5 underground nuclear in Pokharam, Rajasthan in May 1998. The test was a complete success, which was discussed in full swing in the country and abroad as well.
- The National Highway Development Project (NHDP) and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) started by Atal ji were very close to his heart, he himself used to see its work. Through NHDP, he worked to connect the four main cities of the country, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. Through PMGSY, the whole of India got good roads, which would connect even small villages with the city.
- The decisions taken by Atal ji during Kargil war and terrorist attack, his leadership and diplomacy impressed everyone, due to which his image emerged in front of everyone.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Awards & Achievements
- In 1992, Atal ji was awarded Padma Vibhushan for doing good work for the country.
- In 1994, he got the Best Parliamentarian Award.
- In 2014, Atal ji was honored with Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest honor. This honor was given on his birthday on 25 December by President Pranab Mukherjee at his residence. For the first time for Atal ji, a President broke protocol and paid respect by going home.
- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh calls Atal ji as Bhishma Pitamah of Indian politics.
- Atal ji was elected MP from four different states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Delhi.
- Atal ji was also very fond of music, his favorite musicians were Lata Mangeshwar, Mukesh and Mo Rafi. Atal ji had taken a vow not to marry for life, on which he also stood. He was very close to his adopted daughter Namita and Nandita, Atal ji was also very attached to all his relatives.
Died at the age of 93
- This great statesman breathed his last in Delhi’s AIIMS on August 16, 2018. According to the doctors treating him, he died due to pneumonia and multiple organ failure.
- Atal ji was ill for a long time and in the year 2009, he also became a victim of stroke. Due to which their ability to think and understand was affected and they gradually became suffering from a disease called dementia.
Government Announces Seven-Day Mourning
On the death of Bharat Ratna awardee Atal ji, seven days state mourning was announced across the country by President Ram Nath Kovind and for seven days i.e. from 16 August 2018 to 22 August 2018, the flag of our country would be half-masted. Along with this, people working in central government offices were also given a half-day holiday, so that these officers could go and pay tribute to Atal ji.
Apart from this, the governments of many states also declared state mourning in their state and the government schools and offices of their state were also closed, while the Himachal Pradesh state government had announced a holiday for 2 days in their state.