Biography of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda : Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863. His household name was Narendra Dutt. His father Vishwanath Dutt believed in Western civilization. He wanted to teach English to his son Narendra to follow the way of western civilization. Narendra’s intelligence was very sharp since childhood and the longing to attain the divine was also strong. For this he first went to the Brahmo Samaj, but his mind was not satisfied there.
Vishwanath Dutt died in 1884. The burden of the house fell on Narendra. The condition of the house was very bad. Kushal was such that Narendra was not married. Narendra was a great guest-servant even in extreme poverty. Being hungry, he provided food to the guest, kept himself wet all night in the rain outside, and put the guest to sleep on his bed.
How did Swami Vivekananda get that name
Hearing the praise of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Narendra first approached him with the idea of reasoning, but seeing Paramahamsa recognized that he was the same disciple whom he had been waiting for many days. He himself was interviewed by the grace of Paramhansa ji and as a result Narendra became prominent among the disciples of Paramhansa ji. After retiring, he was named Vivekananda.
Swami Vivekananda’s loyalty to the Guru
Swami Vivekananda dedicated his life to his Gurudev Swami Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. Despite the fragile condition of his home and family during the days of Gurudev’s incarnation, the Guru remained engaged in service, regardless of his food. Gurudev’s body became very ill. Thistles, blood, phlegm, etc. were caused by the throat due to cancer. They cleaned them all very carefully.
Once someone showed disgust and carelessness in Gurudev’s service and cut his nose out of hatred. Seeing this, Vivekananda got angry. While teaching that Gurubhai and showing love towards everything of Gurudev, he drank near his bed with a spit full of blood, phlegm etc.
Only such reverence and devotion to the Guru could serve his Guru’s body and his divine ideals. He could understand Gurudev, merging his existence as Gurudev. The foundation of his great personality was his unwavering devotion to Guru, Guru Seva and Guru to spread the fragrance of the priceless spiritual treasures of India all over the world.
Swami Vivekananda’s visit to America
At the age of 25, Narendra Dutt wore a Gerua cloth. He then traveled all over India on foot. In 1893, the World Council of Religions was being held in Chicago (USA). Swami Vivekananda ji reached there as the representative of India.
The people of Europe and America at that time looked towards the subjugated Indians. The people there worked hard and did not give Swami Vivekananda time to speak in Sarva Dharma Parishad. The effort of an American professor gave him some time but all scholars were surprised to hear his views.
He was very much welcomed in America then. There was a large community of his devotees there. He lived in America for three years and provided the people there with a wonderful light of Indian philosophy.
‘The world will be orphaned without spirituality and Indian philosophy’ This was the firm belief of Swami Vivekananda. In the US, he established several branches of the Ramakrishna Mission. Many American scholars received his discipleship. They always address themselves as servants of the poor. He always tried to illuminate the pride of India in country-longitudes. On 4 July 1902, he gave up his body.