What is Antibiotic Resistance?
Antibiotic Resistance – Antibiotic medicines are one of the most important and most commonly prescribed and used drugs of the pharmaceutical class. Antibiotics are used to treat simple to severe diseases and infections caused by bacteria. Antibiotics are also known as antibacterial.
But if the disease is caused by a virus such as a cold, cold, cough, or flu – then taking antibiotics in it can cause harm rather than benefits and this is happening all over the world these days.
Antibiotic awareness week between 18-24 November
The overuse of antibiotics has led to the problem of antibiotic resistance and with the aim of spreading awareness about this, World Antibiotic Awareness Week is observed every year from 18 to 24 November by the World Health Organization (WHO). It started in the year 2015 and its theme is- Antibiotics: Use with care. So what is antibiotic resistance, we are telling you in this article.
Resistance occurs when bacteria develop the ability to defeat the drug
According to the US CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria develop the ability to defeat germs. In simple terms, it means that these germs do not die even after taking medicines and continue to grow.
Infections caused by germs that develop antibiotic resistance are extremely difficult, and are often impossible to treat. In most cases, infection due to antibiotic-resistance requires the patient to stay in the hospital for a long period of time to go to the doctor for repeated follow-up and to find expensive medicines and treatment options.
Antibiotic resistance can affect anyone
The problem of antibiotic resistance can affect anyone, healthcare professionals, veterinarians and those associated with the agricultural industry in any stage of life. It is therefore the world’s most dangerous and urgent public health problem.
Every year about 28 lakh people in America get infected due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria or fungus and due to this more than 35 thousand people die. Infections caused by antibiotic resistance cannot be completely avoided. But some people who are already suffering from a chronic disease are more at risk of getting this infection.
Need to change the way an antibiotic is prescribed
Antibiotic resistance does not mean that your body has become resistant to antibiotics. This means that the bacterium has developed resistance to the antibiotic that was designed to kill.
According to the World Health Organization WHO, antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change their response to medicines designed to kill them. Therefore, there is a need to immediately change the way antibiotics are prescribed and used worldwide. Because the problem of antibiotic resistance has reached a very dangerous level worldwide. Pneumonia, TB, blood poisoning, gonorrhea, foodborne illnesses, etc. are becoming increasingly difficult and impossible to treat as antibiotics are becoming less effective.
Measures to control and prevent antibiotic resistance
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics as well as the prevention and control of infection is also not being done properly therefore antibiotic resistance problem is increasing. Therefore WHO has outlined some ways to limit the effect and spread of antibiotic resistance:
On a personal level
- Use antibiotics only when a certified doctor or health professional prescribes it.
- If the doctor tells you that you do not need an antibiotic, then do not ask for antibiotics.
- When using an antibiotic, follow the doctor’s advice completely in terms of dosage.
- Do not share the remaining antibiotics with others.
- Clean hands regularly, cook food cleanly, avoid contact with sick people, have safe sex and also take vaccinations regularly so that you can avoid all kinds of infections.
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At the level of health workers or doctors
- To avoid infection, doctors should also keep their hands, equipment and surroundings clean.
- Prescribe antibiotics to the patients only when they are most needed and keeping in mind the existing guidelines.
- Tell the surveillance team immediately about the antibiotic-resistance infection problem.
- Talk to patients about what is the right way to take antibiotics and may cause resistance problems due to incorrect use of antibiotics.
- Tell patients how they can avoid infection (eg- get vaccinations on time, wash hands, practice safe sex, cover nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing)